Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation

Olana State Historic Site

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Free Audio Tours offer a self-guided experience within Olana's 250-acres and are available for download or streaming at For the most up-to-date virtual events and offerings, please check our website and follow us on social media @olanashs.

OLANA EYE, a live skycam from the artist's Studio Tower, is now online! The skycam offers a live broadcast of the iconic Hudson River valley and Catskill Mountains, a view that Frederic Church painted in the 19th century and one that inspires artists and visitors to Olana State Historic Site today. For the first time, this sublime view is now available online to audiences around the world at all times and in all seasons. To view, visit

COVID-19 UPDATE: While New York State Park grounds, forests and trails are currently open, please note that parking, indoor spaces and restrooms at State Parks may be limited or closed to prevent community spread of COVID-19. If you do plan on visiting, we ask all visitors to recreate local, meaning choose parks close to home, practice social distancing and use common sense to protect yourself and others. Learn more about COVID-19 and its impact on NY State Park operations, visit:

5720 Route 9-G
Hudson, NY 12534
Latitude 42.208416
Longitude -73.835205

Olana was the 19th century home, studio and designed landscape of Hudson River School artist Frederic Edwin Church (1826-1900), his wife Isabel and their four children. The 250 acre historic estate features an elaborately stenciled, Persian-inspired mansion filled with original sketches, studies and paintings by one of the mid-19th century's most famous artists. A diverse decorative arts collection includes objects from around the world. Five miles of carriage drives, many of which are now pedestrian-use only, traverse a property developed in much the way Church created his canvasses, with strategically revealed vistas of one of the most strikingly beautiful places in the Hudson Valley.

Visitors to Olana enjoy guided house tours, view changing exhibits in the Evelyn & Maurice Sharp Gallery, hike, run and walk dogs in the Picturesque landscape, picnic, paint, photograph and take part in programs and special events for all ages. A Visitor Center offers an exhibit, film, interactive touch screen computers and museum shop. Family activities are available regularly at the Wagon House Education Center. A self-guided walking tour of the landscape leads visitors to the Church's first home on the property, the family's farm and orchards, a lake created from swampland, the site of Church's first studio at Olana and several planned views.

Don't miss these popular destinations within or near Olana State Historic Site:

  • Barnyard, farm complex - Church's land was home to a farm, learn more about what animals were kept and where
  • Cosy Cottage - original family home, now the offices of The Olana Partnership
  • Gift Shop - located in the Visitor's Center, find artsy and historic items for everyone on your list!
  • Visitor's Center - view videos and information on the Church family
  • Wagon House Education Center - experience year-round programs and events in the farm complex 

News! Olana Historic Site is Awarded $1.5 million through Governor Cuomo's New York Works Initiative

Hours of Operation

  • Olana's 250-acre artist designed landscape is free and open every day, 8:30 AM - sunset. Guided tours of the historic house and the landscape are available. Reservations are strongly recommended. Please visit for more information about tours and tickets.

  • Education Programs:
    On-site programs available.
    Visit for details
  • Special Activity Offerings:
    Private parties/events, specialty tours (family tours, group and school tours), please call (518-751-0344) for more information.

Fees & Rates



Digital Maps

New! Download this park's digital map to your iOS Apple and Android device.

Frederic Edwin Church (1826-1900) was a mid-nineteenth century celebrity. As a landscape painter and member of what would eventually be called the Hudson River School, Church is best known for his picturesque views of the North and South American wilderness. The images were often dramatic - perhaps a reflection of the drama surrounding the tumultuous years through which Church achieved the height of his fame. The Mexican-American War (1846-1848) and Civil War (1861-1865) had each caused fundamental shifts in the new nation's direction and identity. The publication of Alexander von Humboldt's Cosmos at the turn of the 19th century, which in turn inspired the work of even more ground-breaking work by Wallace and Darwin, had increased interest in science and natural history. Church's paintings both reflect and embody these cultural shifts, through their desire to share with the viewer new and exciting views of far-off locales laden with meticulously rendered botanicals in often heavily manipulated compositions. He became internationally famous with paintings such as Niagara (1857, Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.), Heart of the Andes (1859, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York), Twilight in the Wilderness (1860, Cleveland Museum of Art) and The Icebergs (1861, Dallas Museum of Art).

Church showed artistic talent even in his early childhood in Hartford, Connecticut. His father Joseph, a successful businessman, supported his son's efforts, and by 1844 had arranged through a friend to have Daniel Wadsworth, prominent Hartford community member and patron of Cole's work, write to landscape artist Thomas Cole on his son's behalf. Cole was already well recognized for his talent, and would later become known as the founder of the Hudson River School.

Cole agreed to take on then eighteen-year-old Frederic Church as his student, and Church joined him on sketching tours of the Catskill Mountains and surrounding area. Church learned to sketch the landscape, and then bring elements of his sketches together in the studio to create his paintings, manipulating the view to create better compositions. At age nineteen, Church showed his first work at New York's National Academy. He was elected to the Academy's membership by age twenty-three.

After two years studying with Cole, Church returned to Hartford, and the following year opened a studio in New York's Art-Union Building, where he would remain until an 1858 move to the 10th Street Studio Building. He would maintain his studio there until 1889.

During the 1859 exhibition of Heart of the Andes, Church met Isabel Carnes. Within a year, the couple planned to marry, and Church traveled back up the Hudson to choose a property on which they would build their first home. Before the wedding, he purchased a 126-acre working farm directly across the Hudson River from Catskill, where he'd studied with Cole. Cole had died in 1848 at the age of 47, just two years after Church's time in Catskill, but Church continued to maintain a relationship with the Cole family for many years.

Church hired Richard Morris Hunt as architect for a new house, Cosy Cottage, and the couple boarded with the Cole family during its construction. The couple would spend their first years in the new house surrounded by the news of the Civil War, which impacted Church both personally and artistically. His paintings The Icebergs, Our Banner in the Sky and Cotopaxi, among others, have been associated with his reactions to the events of the Civil War.

Church also began to manipulate the outdoor spaces of his property, adjusting elements of the landscape in much the same way he might manipulate a landscape on one of his canvasses. Church had trees planted and swampland dug into a lake, laid out roads and made decisions about land use as he created his picturesque landscape in three dimensions.

The Churches welcomed their first child, Herbert, and their second, Emma, in 1862 and 1864, but both died in a diphtheria epidemic in New York City in 1865. The Churches spent the early months of their grief in Jamaica, and after returning, welcomed son Frederic Joseph to renew their family. By 1867, Church finally had the opportunity to purchase a plot of land adjacent to his farm that included the hilltop where he would build his final home. He returned to Richard Morris Hunt to discuss plans for a larger house, and Hunt responded with an idea for a French manor house, but Church left on an 18 month trip to Europe and the Near East with his family before agreeing to a design.

The Churches spent time in the areas that are now Lebanon, Israel, Palestine, Syria, Jordan, Egypt, Turkey, and later Germany, Italy and Greece. It is their time in the East that ultimately drove Church's ideas about building a home.

Upon his return, Church secured the services of a new architect, Calvert Vaux, and began designing the new house in earnest. Olana's collection includes architectural sketches by both Vaux and Church that illustrate the collaborative relationship the two had during the home's design. Construction began in 1870, and Frederic, Isabel, Frederic Joseph, Theodore, Louis and Downie moved into the second floor of the unfinished house in 1872. Church continued his development of the landscape as well, taking advantage of the new views afforded by the higher elevation property. Church would continue to make changes and improvements to both the home and landscape throughout most of his life.

By the 1880s, Church was painting less frequently and the tightly brushed and highly detailed pictures of the Hudson River School had fallen out of fashion, replaced by the looser, obvious brushstrokes of the Impressionists. He spent his winters in the warmer, more arid climates of Mexico that alleviated the worsening symptoms of his arthritis, returning to Olana each year as the weather warmed. He died in 1900, during one of his return trips to Olana while visiting the home of a friend in New York City.

Church left Olana to his youngest son Louis, who had returned to manage the property in his parents' old age. Louis soon married Sarah (Sally) Good, who came to live with Louis at Olana. Louis died in 1943, and Sally in 1964. They'd had no children of their own, and Sally left Olana to her nephew in New Jersey. In the mid-1960s, the Hudson River School had not yet seen the revival of its popularity, and Olana and the contents of the house were almost auctioned! Art historian David Huntington learned of Sally's death, and after ensuring Sally's nephew would give him a little time, began to contact individuals who might be able to assist. Olana Preservation, Inc. was formed and began the two-year task of raising funds with which to purchase the property and contents of the house.

At the end of the two-year period, Olana Preservation, Inc. had raised over half the funds necessary to purchase the property, but was unable to raise the full amount. By June, 1966 the State Legislature under Governor Nelson Rockefeller had passed a bill authorizing the State of New York to purchase Olana. Olana Preservation, Inc. purchased Olana in July and conveyed the title to New York State in December. Olana opened as a New York State Historic Site in June, 1967.

Olana Preservation, Inc. disbanded, but several of its key members rejoined to start the non-profit Friends of Olana in 1971, which changed its name to The Olana Partnership in 2000. The Olana Partnership continues to play an integral part in supporting New York State Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation's efforts at Olana.

Landscape and historic house tours focus on artist Frederic Church's development of the remarkable landscape at Olana, creating it as a three-dimensional work of art.

Guided historic house tours at Olana introduce visitors to the story of Frederic Church and the development of Olana as a 250-acre farm, studio and family home. The paintings and collections in the richly decorated, Eastern-inspired historic house illustrate the story of Olana's creation and its importance to the Church family as a place of refuge and inspiration.

To book a tour, visit

See Olana's calendar of events for special events, tours, and programs:

Historic Landscape and Viewshed Tours

Olana offers guided walking or electric vehicle tours of the 250-acre artist designed landscape which complement guided tours of the historic house. The restoration of Frederic Church's picturesque landscape and stewardship of its dramatic 360-degree views provide visitors with the opportunity to experience first-hand the full breadth of Church's vision for Olana. For more information and tickets, visit

Daily/All Season: Download the self-guided audio tour app

Olana hosts annual exhibitions from May through November in the Evelyn and Maurice Sharp Gallery on the second floor of the main house. Olana is open all year round for house tours and self-guided landscape tours. There are several events for visitors and families throughout the year. Visit

Special Events

Please see Olana Programs + Events for upcoming events.

Mark your calendars!

July 18, 2020: The Olana Summer Party

Join us for this highlight of the Hudson Valley summer season. Olana's annual Summer Party features top regional chefs who create hors d'oeuvres inspired by an annual theme, paired with wine, craft beers and signature cocktails - all with spectacular views of the Hudson Valley and Catskill Mountains. More info coming soon!

August 22 - 23, 2020: The Olana Summer Market

Over 30 local artisans, music, and eateries will return to Olana to showcase their wares along the picturesque Ridge Road Come shop, picnic, relax & enjoy the views! More Info coming soon!

December 19, 2020: The Olana Holiday Event

More info coming soon!

Tue 11 May
Capturing Nature in Science and Art, or, How to Make an Impossible Picture Olana Perspectives with Rachael DeLue
Tuesday, May 11, 2021 05:30 PM - 06:30 PM
Olana State Historic Site
(518) 751-0344

The nineteenth-century German naturalist Alexander von Humboldt characterized his life's work as an endeavor "to represent nature as one great whole, moved and animated by internal forces." In this presentation, Rachael Z. DeLue, Christopher Binyon Sarofim '86 Professor in American Art at Princeton University, discusses the challenges presented by such an ambitious undertaking. Consideration of the extraordinary images devised by Humboldt to represent the multifarious phenomena of the natural world sets the stage for an exploration of work by artists like Frederic Church and Martin Johnson Heade, who followed in Humboldt's footsteps in attempting to render the truth of nature, no matter how elusive, wondrous, or strange. From Humboldt's teeming diagrams of South American mountain ranges to Heade's exquisite paintings of hummingbirds, Prof. DeLue explores what it meant in the nineteenth century for artists and scientists to wrangle the natural world with pen, ink, and paint and why, so often, the task proved an impossible one.

This webinar is a benefit of membership with The Olana Partnership. Please join today at

Sat 15 May
Spring Stroll and Virtual Family Cooking Class with Olana and the Sylvia Center
Saturday, May 15, 2021 02:00 PM - 03:00 PM
Olana State Historic Site
(518) 751-6938

Families are invited to participate in monthly outdoor walks at Olana and virtual healthy cooking classes with The Sylvia Center! During these special two-part programs, families will explore Olana's landscape together through observation and art activities on Saturday afternoons. Af ter each onsite walk at Olana, meal kits with local produce will be distributed for the virtual cooking class, led by The Sylvia Center. On Sundays, families will take the lead from a TSC Chef Instructor, and will use the ingredients in their meal kits to cook a healthy brunch from the comfort of their own homes. For families with children 18 and under (children should have adult supervision). Register for one or all four classes. FREE (suggested donation $12). For more information, please contact or call (518) 751-6938. For information about The Sylvia Center please visit or email
Registration: Required
Tue 18 May
“Below the Surface: What Scientific Imaging Reveals about Church’s Artistic Process” Subject Specialist with Maura Lyons
Tuesday, May 18, 2021 12:00 PM - 01:00 PM
Olana State Historic Site
(518) 751-0344

While Frederic Church won acclaim during his lifetime for his skills as a painter, a focus solely on Church's paintings ignores his technical experimentation in multiple media, including drawing and printmaking. In this virtual webinar, Maura Lyons (Drake University) will focus on two Civil War-era works, Our Banner in the Sky and Our Flag, to examine Church's working process more closely. Lyons will highlight her research using scientific techniques to examine Our Flag while working at the Indianapolis Museum of Art (IMA). These techniques allow us to see below the surface layers of paint to detect the presence of other media. Such examinations reveal Church's working process, which resulted in a flexible visual language that spoke to both the general public and wealthy patrons. Maura Lyons is professor of art history at Drake University in Des Moines, Iowa. She is the author of William Dunlap and the Construction of an American Art History (2005) and multiple essays on the symbolism of landscape imagery from the U.S. Civil War. Her webinar has its origins in the summer research fellowship she held at the Indianapolis Museum of Art at Newfields. Her current book project focuses on the role of intermediality in the visual culture of the Civil War.

This webinar is a benefit of membership with The Olana Partnership. Please join today at

Sat 22 May
Spring Tree Walk with the Farmscape Ecology Program
Saturday, May 22, 2021 01:00 PM - 02:00 PM
Olana State Historic Site
(518) 751-0344

Explore Olana's artist-designed landscape by taking a closer look at trees growing onsite. During this gentle hour-long walking tour, you will meet various tree species, and learn how to recognize them and what role they are playing in the landscape. This tour will be led by Conrad Vispo and Claudia Knab-Vispo from the Hawthorne Valley Farmscape Ecology Program, which cultivates compassion for the local ecological and cultural landscape.
Sat 22 May
Little Ones Tour and Try with Whale of a Trail Adventures
Saturday, May 22, 2021 03:30 PM - 05:00 PM
Olana State Historic Site
(518) 567-2170

Interested in hiking with your little one but don't know how to get started? Join Whale of a Trail Adventures for a walk through Olana's landscape combined with an information session on using Kid Carriers, structured hiking backpacks for carrying children approximately 6-months through the toddler years. During this event, parents and caregivers will be able to try on multiple carriers and will receive one-on-one attention to help with fit and plan for future outdoor experiences. The group will then go for a short walk through the landscape to learn more about Olana's artist-designed landscape while carrying their little ones. This program is designed for parents and caregivers and their children in the 6-30 month range. Child must be able to sit up on their own unassisted. Limited to 5 families. FREE. Advanced registration required. For more information, please contact or call (518) 567-2170.
Registration: Required

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